north-korea-interiorsKim Jong Suk Creche, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

For 10 days, architect, photographer, and architecture and design critic for The Guardian, Oliver Wainwright, traveled to Pyongyang, North Korea where he got tours inside buildings, with permission to photograph.

“Having been told that photography would be strictly monitored by the official guides, I was pleasantly surprised by the freedom we were given to shoot pretty much anything we wanted,” Wainwright told Business Insider. “The only restrictions were on building sites — they like everything to look finished it’s photographed — as well as anything connected to the military, and people at work.”

He visited hotels, health and recreation centers, study houses, and more. Ahead, see rare photos inside North Korea’s buildings.

Wainwright was on an official guided tour organized by a Beijing-based company, Koryo tours, that has been taking foreigners into North Korea for over 20 years.

wainwright-was-on-an-official-guided-tour-organized-by-a-beijing-based-company-koryo-tours-that-has-been-taking-foreigners-into-north-korea-for-over-20-yearsYanggakdo International Hotel, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Wainwright said it took months of negotiation before North Korea allowed him to join the tour because “journalists aren’t given the same freedom as tourists,” he said.

wainwright-said-it-took-months-of-negotiation-before-north-korea-allowed-him-to-join-the-tour-because-journalists-arent-given-the-same-freedom-as-tourists-he-saidGrand People’s Study House, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

“I have never been anywhere where a national ideology is so totally embodied in the architectural fabric of the city,” Wainwright said. “To see the urban fabric, from the layout of streets to the specific design of interiors, expressing the values and ambitions of such an ideologically-driven regime was a fascinating thing to behold.”

i-have-never-been-anywhere-where-a-national-ideology-is-so-totally-embodied-in-the-architectural-fabric-of-the-city-wainwright-said-to-see-the-urban-fabric-from-the-layout-of-streets-to-the-specific-design-of-intChanggwang San Hotel, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Changgwang San Hotel, Pyongyang.

changgwang-san-hotel-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

“You might expect endless streets of crumbling grey concrete apartment buildings, but Pyongyang is one of the most colorful cities I have been to,” Wainwright said.

you-might-expect-endless-streets-of-crumbling-grey-concrete-apartment-buildings-but-pyongyang-is-one-of-the-most-colorful-cities-i-have-been-to-wainwright-saidChanggwang Health and Recreation Complex, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Changgwang Health and Recreation Complex, Pyongyang

changgwang-health-and-recreation-complex-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

“The two things that most struck me about North Korea interiors were the sense of symmetry and the recurring pastel color palettes,” Wainwright said.

the-two-things-that-most-struck-me-about-north-korea-interiors-were-the-sense-of-symmetry-and-the-recurring-pastel-color-palettes-wainwright-saidChanggwang Health and Recreation Complex, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

National Drama Theatre, Pyongyang.

national-drama-theatre-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

Wainwright said the interiors themselves were a big enough inspiration for him to want to partake in this series. “From the Soviet-era buildings from the 1950s and 1960s, when North Korea was heavily reliant on the USSR, to the more brightly colored recent renovations masterminded by the current leader, Kim Jong-Un,” he said.

wainwright-said-the-interiors-themselves-were-a-big-enough-inspiration-for-him-to-want-to-partake-in-this-series-from-the-soviet-era-buildings-from-the-1950s-and-1960s-when-north-korea-was-heavily-reliant-on-the-National Drama Theatre, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, Pyongyang.

rungrado-1st-of-may-stadium-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

“Organized around long axial boulevards, the city is punctuated with gargantuan monuments and memorials, with statues and mosaics of the leaders everywhere you look,” Wainwright said. “As well as the pink and red ‘Kimjongilia’ and ‘Kimilsungia’ flowers, which represent the leaders, Kim Jong-il and Kim Il Sung.”

organized-around-long-axial-boulevards-the-city-is-punctuated-with-gargantuan-monuments-and-memorials-with-statues-and-mosaics-of-the-leaders-everywhere-you-look-wainwright-said-as-well-as-the-pink-and-red-kimjonKim Jong Suk Creche, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Chongnyon Youth Hotel, Pyongyang.

chongnyon-youth-hotel-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

Pyongyang Diplomatic Club.

pyongyang-diplomatic-club Oliver Wainwright

Pyongyang Diplomatic Club.

pyongyang-diplomatic-club (1)Oliver Wainwright

“Symmetry is one of the guiding principles of Juche architecture, espoused by Kim Jong-il in his 1991 treatise, On Architecture,” Wainwright explained. “It is usually used as a means of emphasizing the importance of the statues and portraits of the leaders, with architectural elements designed to exaggerate the perspective and increase the sense of awe.”

symmetry-is-one-of-the-guiding-principles-of-juche-architecture-espoused-by-kim-jong-il-in-his-1991-treatise-on-architecture-wainwright-explained-it-is-usually-used-as-a-means-of-emphasizing-the-importance-of-theKoryo Hotel, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright

Koryo Hotel, Pyongyang.

koryo-hotel-pyongyangOliver Wainwright

“[Symmetry] is a very theatrical device, which is why I think so many North Korean spaces feel like stage sets,” Wainwright said. “They’re designed to evoke an emotional response”

symmetry-is-a-very-theatrical-device-which-is-why-i-think-so-many-north-korean-spaces-feel-like-stage-sets-wainwright-said-theyre-designed-to-evoke-an-emotional-responsePaektusan Academy of Architecture, Pyongyang Oliver Wainwright